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What is reverse osmosis and how does it affect the water?
Reverse osmosis technology is used for water purification through a filtration system and permeable membranes. The most important of this process is the removal of harmful microbes, the filtration of large molecules and ions. With this method only the beneficial components remain and the water is supplied with pure and unchanged taste and smell.
How does the reverse osmosis system work?
The reverse osmosis process passes through a series of filters, each of which performs a certain function in the overall system. Passing through two filters of one type additionally guarantees the end result, because often with a single filter cleaning, incomplete control can be obtained. The main filters are: Sediment filter for particle trapping, including rust and calcium carbonate, activated charcoal filter for organic chemicals and chlorine, reverse osmosis filter, which is actually a thin-film composite membrane. Almost any filter in a system may have a duplicate to enhance purification, and a second carbon filter to capture chemicals that are not captured by the reverse osmosis membrane, as well as a ultraviolet sterilization lamp of microbes impossible to capture from the reverse osmosis membrane.
If a reverse system is used, i. a system with higher osmotic pressure and vice versa, then pure water at a higher concentration goes to the opposite side, as a result, water of high quality is produced for human consumption, for irrigation and for industrial purposes.
Main advantages of this system
Osmosis systems have many advantages and are therefore increasingly used in both the domestic and industrial sectors:
This is a very effective system that achieves a high water retention rate (99%), both dissolved and undissolved.
It is a completely ecologically clean system because it does not produce or use any harmful chemicals throughout the process.
He almost does not consume energy.
This is a very flexible system and can also be used in the industry.
Production, installation and maintenance costs are very low.
Some small-sized sources are ideal for use in homes.
The water produced by the reverse osmosis system is optimal for consumption: it has been purified, has high quality, has all the sanitary guarantees and has a good taste.
Maintenance is simple and economical. In principle, it is based on changing, from time to time, different filters and the membrane to ensure the proper functioning of the device, preserving the good taste and quality of the water, and preventing bacterial contamination that could accumulate in the apparatus.